Traditionally, dartboards have been constructed of wood, usually elm or popular. Both are soft woods and are thus easy to cut and shape and to receive the incoming darts. The first dartboards were cut from the end of a tree-trunk and it is believed that the circular pattern of the rings and the way the wood eventually cracks, suggested both the design of the dartboard in terms of its double and treble rings and the separate scoring segments.
Tungsten is a very dense material, so darts with a considerable bulk can be made quite slim. The invention of tungsten darts had a big impact on the sport. With the new darts it was possible to achieve much better grouping than before, and the averages in pro games have improved dramatically.
Dart flight is the fins or wings found at the back of a dart, which stabilize the dart during flight and are made of various materials. Dart flight does not generate lift, airplane wings generate lift by means of their curved shape, whereas dart flight is flat. They only resist motion away from the centerline of the dart.
Today's standard material of tungsten barrel is Tungsten-Nickel-Iron. Tungsten is a very dense material, so darts with a considerable weight can be made quite slim. However, before the tungsten revolution darts were mainly made of brass. Not only has the density of tungsten and anti-corrosion, while a brass color, copper tungsten darts has become the best choice for many people.